Tie off for rock climbing means Belaying. Belay is an essential part of rock climbing. It is one of the crucial or must-have skills; you need to learn for rock climbing. Belay means to tie off climbing knots. It may sound or seem difficult, but it is very easy to become a master at them.
There have only eight knots for rock climbing.
1. The figure-eight knot: To tie the trace this knot, measure the width from your fist to your inverse shoulder by extending your arm. Point the standing side where you are holding and twist it twice. Pass the end of the rope through the loop. Pass the working side of the rope through both ties in points of your harness and pull the knot towards you. Pass the open side of rope by following the knot as it goes in the original. Pull both sides to tighten the knot. It is the easiest knot and secure knot. Practice it until you can do it in any situation.
2. The clove hitch knot: You can tie clove hitch knot in two ways. One, Twist the rope and create a loop. Twist again and create another loop. Now take the second loops on top of the first loop. Take both ends in the middle with a carabiner clip both loops. Tight them by pulling the rope. Second, take the rope and clip it with a carabiner. Now create a circle from the lower side of the rope and clip it again with the carabiner. Dress the hitch by pulling both sides of the rope and tight the clove hitch. It is a strong knot and easy to untie after taking a heavy load.
3. The girth hitch: Create a loop and run in through the object where you want to tie. Pass the other side of the loop through the previous loop and pull it to tighten. The girth hitch is easy to connect a loop of webbing to a fixed point.
4. The double bowline: Pass the rope through the tie in point of your harness. Take the lower side of the rope in your hand and create two loopholes by wrapping your thumb. Rotate them towards you and pass the working end through the loops. Then get the end behind the lower rope and again pass it through the loops. Dress the knot by pulling both sides of the rope. Again pull all four strands individually to tighten the knot. This knot is easier to untie after multiple falls. It is an alternative knot to try in harness.
5. The butterfly knot: to tie the butterfly knot, start by looping the rope over your open palm three times. Start close to your thumb. Take the first strand (which is closest to your thumb) over the other two loops. Now take the loop, which is now closest to your thumb over the other loops. Take it over under the other loops. Remove the rope of your hand and pull them tight. Now grab the two side of the rope in your both hand and pull. This knot makes a loop in the middle. Because it won't deform after taking a pull from either direction, it is an excellent knot for the middle member for the rope team.
6. The barrel knot: To tie
the barrel knot or triple overhand knot, start by draping the rope over your
palm with the working side on the back of your hand and standing side in front.
Wrap the lower rope over your hand and form an X on your palm. Wrap the rope
again and create two parallel strands. Run the working end through the loops.
Get the rope off your hand and pull both sides of the rope to tighten. It is a
great knot to close the system while belaying or rappelling.
7. The water knot: The first step is to create an overhand knot with one of the ropes. Feed the other rope in the same pattern as the overhand knot but in the reverse direction. Once you have done with both overhand knot, pull the four pieces of the rope. Pull the working end pieces and the middle portions of the rope. Pull them tightly and tie off a water knot.
8. The Prusik knot: to tie a prusik knot, place the loop abaft the rope. Then pass the side of connecting knots through the other side. Now wrap them around the rope and pass it again. Do this a few times as you want. Make sure to keep the knot of the cord out from the way. Pull the hitch tightly and dress all the loops in parallel.
From above, you can learn about how do you tie off for rock climbing. But you should always remember that your safety is your responsibility. No article can help you without you practice in real. Make sure you are doing proper practice before you go for rock climbing. Thank you.